As part of the country’s effort to support anti-money laundering (AML) activities, Botswana is a member of the Eastern and Southern African Anti-Money Laundering Group (ESAAMLG), the objective of which is to develop a regional response for combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism.  This is achieved by implementing the recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), a body established at the G-7 summit in 1989.  ESAAMLG, which has a secretariat in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, was founded in 1999 and has fourteen member countries as well as various accredited observers (both other jurisdictions and organisations).

The Financial Intelligence Act provides a comprehensive legal framework to support AML in Botswana and provided for the establishment of the Financial Intelligence Agency (FIA).